The NZ ETS Review 2011: Clear signals for business as usual

Simon Johnson’s guest post offers prompt comment on the ETS review.

Minister for Climate Change Issues Nick Smith has finally released the delayed report of the NZ Emissions Trading Scheme Review 2011. The 98-page report is titled Doing New Zealand’s Fair Share, The Emissions Trading Scheme Review 2011.

The review panel chaired by former Rogernome David Caygill gave their report to Smith on 30 June 2011. Two and half months later and one week into the Rugby World Cup, Smith has let the report out into the world.

From the title of his press release, Slowing of ETS recommended by Review Panel, I think Smith is pretty happy with the report. It also uses some of Smith’s favourite phrases; such as “Doing our fair share” and balancing emissions reductions with costs to businesses.

“The Panel acknowledges there needs to be an appropriate balance between  managing these short-term costs and providing a clear long-term direction. Given the current international uncertainty and the challenging state of the economy, this means there should be measures in place which ensure the increase in the costs of the ETS occurs at an appropriate pace.”

If you don’t want to scroll through another 98 pages of blue-green flannel just like that, the best short sweet on-line summary to read is this Reuters factbox.

For me, the following recommendations are the guts of the ETS Review report (as numbered in that report).

Agriculture’s planned 2015 entry to the NZ ETS should not be delayed (4.1). At least they didn’t cave in to Federated Farmers. But there is a big but to this.

The important issue of the lack of a real cap on emissions is just kicked for touch and left for future reviews (3.15)

The issue of high volumes of subsidised allocation of free emissions units to industry is just kicked for touch (3.9).

Remember that the NZ ETS includes a $25 fixed price option for buying emissions units until 2012? This is limited to energy, transport and industry. This option would have acted as a maximum limit on unit prices, except for the fact that NZU prices were never more than $25 in 2010.

The report recommends keeping the fixed price option/price limit out to 2017 and increasing it by $5 each year (2013; $30, 2014; $35, 2015; $40, 2016; $45, 2017; $50).

I am very skeptical that actual NZ units prices will reach these levels. The Euro-zone debt crisis has just contributed to the recent collapse of the international carbon price. The international carbon price is the dominant driver of NZ unit prices. It is pure speculation that actual NZ prices will be any where near the proposed price ceiling.

Remember Nick Smith’s two for one deal for 2010 to 2012? Where emitters can emit two tonnes of greenhouse gases and surrender one emission unit? In other words it halved the emitters’ obligations to surrender units. The report recommends extending this to out to 2015. So 2013 would be the “three for two” deal, 2014 would be the “five for four” deal, before finally going to one tonne to one unit deal in 2015. So in carbon pricing we look to simplistic sales slogans. Only in New Zealand.

And I said there was a ‘but’ for agriculture. On entry in 2015, the report recommends that agriculture should be eligible for the two for one deal until 2016. Then a three for two deal, then a five for four deal, before finally going to one tonne to one unit in 2019. Oh, I forgot to mention that from 2019 there would still be 90% allocation of free units declining at a linear rate of 1.3% each year.


I must admit I am completely underwhelmed by the report, its analysis and its recommendations. I didn’t think it was possible to further dilute the carbon price signal in the NZ ETS with more exemptions. I didn’t think it was possible to make the NZ ETS sound even more like a bad used car parts advertisement. But I am wrong on both counts.

4 thoughts on “The NZ ETS Review 2011: Clear signals for business as usual”

  1. hi there,

    I hear you re the clear implication of doing things to attempt ‘answer’ climate change causation etc.

    However, I was struck with your ‘but’ in respect of agriculture, as above, and feel inclined to point out financials ‘put’ strategy whereby oil – the globally reliant commodity so to say – is also the hedge funder’s commodity. Whereby global financings, despite ( as was the earlier case) or because of( likely the present case) are being upheld.

    Take this away and there is no plan B, so far as I can see.

    Climate change, and what one can do about it, are important, yet right now and in the wider if not bigger than science picture confronting us, so are whole, regional and global economies..

    No, I don’t like this, But this is the way it is.. and over the foreseeable future. Hope I’m not patronising to say this but don’t get too hung out. As tou keep on the good work.

  2. It was refreshing to hear today the interview of Air New Zealand’s CEO Rob Fyfe
    At least some of our Business leaders have the right take on things. Air NZ may even opt to join the ETS early – simply because further delays for them may be even more costly.
    What is so appallingly bad about this further delay of an uninspiring ETS is that NZ businesses are not being given any incentive (or stick) to improve their cost efficiency by examining their energy budgets. It is bad business, it lacks vision, and we are letting huge opportunities to become a world leader, slip through our fingers by appalling leadership. Fortunately at least one business plans to be at the leading edge.
    If you haven’t heard the interview – take the opportunity – Air NZ plans to work towards carbon neutrality, seeking to introduce the use of biofuels in 5 years time.
    This latest delay by the govt – cuts across this initiative! Talk about the Age of Stupid!

    1. ‘Opt-in’ does not mean opt in to a cost. It means opt in as a participant. So rather than allow their fuel provider to take on the liability and pass on the financial cost, AirNZ pay a non-ETS cost for fuel and accept the surrender liability to Government.

      Keep in mind AirNZ only pay for emissions for domestic flights. There are no competitive impacts. The costs are paid by NZ public who use their service. If they paid for emissions on international flights they would be at a competitive disadvantage and lose profit. They are not asking for international flights to be included in the ETS.

      Most business with no trade exposure will support the ETS. The opposition is where there are competitiveness impacts.

      1. Yes I’m aware of all that R2 – It’s all there in the interview. There are problems with allocation of costs flying over a number of different countries air spaces etc.
        The IMPORTANT feature is that they understand the problem and see it as an OPPORTUNITY to innovate and change direction from a fixation upon fossil fuel. The govt’s delay adds no incentive in this regard and becomes a cost.

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